Thursday, March 24, 2005

Disability by Cause - Hints at Prevention

Most work related disability presents as non-work related, or at least is uncounted as caused by work. Cause specific data suggests preventive measures. The National Health Interview Survey Disability Supplement permitted examining factors associated with employment among Americans with disabilities. Persons with disabilities related to cardiovascular disease (OR, 0.23), musculoskeletal disease (OR, 0.37), and respiratory disease (OR, 0.23) were less likely to work than other Americans with disabilities. Persons with self-reported alcohol abuse (OR, 1.30) were more likely to work, and persons with self-reported drug abuse (OR, 0.93) were not less likely to work, than others in our study population of Americans with disabilities.

So, musculoskeletal jumps out once again as a major source of problem. And, alcohol and drug abuse get a clean bill.

J Occup Environ Med. 2002 Apr;44(4):358-64.

Workforce participation by persons with disabilities: the National Health Interview Survey Disability Supplement, 1994 to 1995.

Zwerling C, Whitten PS, Sprince NL, Davis CS, Wallace RB, Blanck PD, Heeringa SG.University of Iowa, College of Public Health, 100 Oakdale Campus, #126 IREH, Iowa City, IA 52242-5000, USA.

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